Tag: cybersecurity

Phishing Attack – Free Travel tickets with Emirates Airline

Today itself, a friend sent me a message about free travel ticket with Emirates airline through WhatsApp. On seeing the URL, I immediately doubt about the authenticity of such kind of strategy spammers are using to make money as well as to harvest data about you. Once you fill in the form, it will prompt you to share the information to 30 people on WhatsApp to get your ticket. Common, this does not make sense at all and I believe that the website should be reported and Emirates Airline to make an official announcement on its website about these scammers.


Photo Credits: Emirates.com

The message sent to me was in French. Since I’m well conversant in French, I could easily read and interpreted it. The message received is as follows:


“Pour le 33° Anniversaire, la compagnie aérienne *Emirates Airline* donne à tout le monde *2 billets d´avion gratuits*. Récupérez votre billets d´avion immédiatement. http://bit.ly/Emirates-airline”

The translation looks like this in English:

“For the 33rd Birthday, the aviation airline “Emirates Airline” is giving a free *2 air travel tickets. Get your airline tickets immediately. http://bit.ly/Emirates-airline”

If you observed carefully the real URL has been shortened on bit.ly. There is nothing wrong when using bit.ly which is a great tool for URL shortener. However, if you try to access the URL, you will be redirected on http://5ack.com/Emirate/ which is well known for attacks.

Let’s see what does the whois tool said about 5ack.com:

1.According to domaintools.com, the IP Address behind is 107.180.59.131 

2. The IP Address 107.180.59.131 is well known for attacks and there is no real information as to who is behind this domain name.

3. Worst, the domain 5ack.com has a history of 55 counts of changed IP addresses.

Extract from domaintools.com

4. On the following link https://chat.stackexchange.com/transcript/65945/2018/11/14/2 we can see someone has blacklisted the IP 107.180.59.131 who at that time was selling health supplement. Of course, it’s fake again.

Please don’t click on the link otherwise you might eat those baits and be a victim of Phishing attacks. I wonder how come those links ended in Mauritius which is probably due to French-speaking people here in Mauritius. Otherwise, several French-speaking countries in Africa is at risk. I wish someone from the security team of Emirates Airline read that blog and made an official announcement soon about those spammers hovering everywhere on the Internet. Let’s work together for a safe and secure Internet and keep on passing the message.

Operation KSK-ROLL by cyberstorm.mu – KSK Rollover Explained

The last cyberstorm.mu event was on OpenSource licensing with Dr. Till Jaeger at Flying Dodo, Bagatelle Mall Mauritius. We discussed several issues concerning cybersecurity laws, trademarks, OpenSource licensing issues etc.. Dr. Till Jaeger appreciated the meetup and encouraged us to evangelize more on OpenSource. The event was organized by Loganaden Velvindron member of cyberstorm.mu.

Dr. Till Jaeger and logan with a surprise gift.
Dr. Till Jaeger brought a surprise gift to Logan 🙂

I should say that we were already planning about our next event, hence, a hackathon on Operation KSK-ROLL by the cyberstorm.mu team which was pretty easy, important and successful. Dr. Till Jaeger congratulate us for creating the cyberstorm.mu team. Several pull requests sent to many repositories to encourage developers to adopt the new key.

What is Operation KSK-ROLL?

At cyberstorm.mu all Non-IETF hackathons are usually given a name. This time for the KSK rollover hackathon we have chosen 'Operation KSK-Roll'. Operation KSK-ROLL has been started to make sure that software is up-to-date with the new KSK key.

What is the KSK rollover?

The DNS KSK Rollover happened on 11 October at 11:00 UTC. Rolling the KSK means generating a new key cryptographic key pair (public and private key).

What are those keys?

The public key is distributed to those who operate valid DNS resolvers such as ISPs, network administrators, system integrators etc.. whilst, the private key is kept secret.

If its secret, why do we need to generate another secret key?

For security purpose, the secret key is generated anew and this ensures that DNS resolvers have a more robust security layer on top of the DNS AKA: DNSSEC

What are DNS resolvers?

All websites, example tunnelix.com which is a domain name is behind an IP Address. For your browser to be able to resolve the website, a DNS resolver which is located at several parts of the world will identify the IP with the domain name. Consequently, this will render the website on your browser.

What is DNSSEC?

As mentioned previously, DNSSEC (DNS Security) is a layer added by ICANN to ensure by means of cryptographic keys to ensure an online protection from the provider of the root domain name to your browser.

How will you know if a website is DNSSEC signed?

There is a tool by VeriSign lab which provides DNSSEC Analyzer. You can enter the name of the domain, say tunnelix.com which will analyze the domain show you the public key and the chain from the . (dot),  com and tunnelix.com.

credits to: verisignlabs.com
credits to: verisignlabs.com

Is there another way to verify it?

Yes, you can use the nslookup or dig tool to check it. In the case of the dig tool here is a screenshot.

What is the logic behind the DIG command?

Some years back (the Year 2015), I explained the anatomy of the dig command. You can view more details about the blog post called "Anatomy of a simple dig result".


What is the role of the KSK?

The KSK private key is used to generate a digital signature for the ZSK. In fact, the KSK public key is stored in the DNS to be used for authenticating the ZSK. So, the KSK is a key to sign another key for the ZSK. That is why it is called the "Key Signing Key".

So, what is the ZSK?

The ZSK (Zone Signing Key) is another private-public key pair which is used to generate a digital signature known as RRSIG ( Resource Record Signature). The RRSIG in itself is a digital signature for each RRSET (Resource Record Sets) in a zone. In fact, the ZSK is stored in the domain name system to authenticate the RRset.

What are RRsets?

RRsets (Resource Record sets) is a group of records DNS Record Set (RRsets) with the same record type, for example, all DNS A records are one RRset.

My contributions for KSK ROLL

Please follow me on my Github account. One of the repositories is Nagval which is a plugin to check the validity of one of more DNSSEC domains.

For more information about DNSSEC, ZSK, PSK etc, I would advise to check out Cloudflare which provided a good source of information.

Cyberstorm.mu continue to go beyond and further with innovations and more ideas to protect and secure the Internet. We believe that though we are a small team will be able to recruit more people who are strongly interested in developing their skills to strive for excellence.

I also wish to seize this opportunity to thanks Manuv Panchoo for designing the logo of  tunnelix.com


All rights reserved: tunnelix.com
All rights reserved: tunnelix.com

cyberstorm.mu meetup on OpenSource Licensing with Dr Till Jaeger

It was a great opportunity to meet with Dr. Till Jaeger, Attorney at Law on cybersecurity, laws, trademarks and opensource licensing on Tuesday the 02nd of October 2018 at Flying Dodo, Bagatelle Mall. The event was announced on the official cyberstorm.mu community Facebook group by Logan days back. Those present for the meetup was Loganaden Velvindron, Jagveer Loky, Rahul Golam, Kifah Meeran, Veegish Ramdani, Muzaffar Auhammud, Jeremie Daniel and myself from the cyberstorm.mu team.

Who is Dr. Till Jaeger? – Till Jaeger has been a partner at JBB Rechtsanwälte since 2001. He advises large and medium-sized IT businesses as well as government authorities and software developers on matters involving contracts, licensing and online use. Till Jaeger also covers conventional areas of copyright law and entertainment law, advising corporate clients on matters relating to open content, web design and photography. – Source: JBB.DE

Some pictures during the informal event:

 

OpenSource licensing with Dr. Till Jaeger and cyberstorm.mu

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Screen Shot 2018-10-07 at 6.59.57 PM
Screen Shot 2018-10-07 at 7.00.09 PM
Screen Shot 2018-10-07 at 6.59.25 PM
Screen Shot 2018-10-07 at 6.59.25 PM

I should admit that it was really an informal meeting over some beers, juice, Dame-Blanche, and Pizzas with Dr. Till Jaeger. It was very fruitful and amazing to the team. We received lots of advice for ourselves as well as for the cyberstorm.mu team. Some days back, the National Computer Board conducted a workshop on Opensource licensing which where Dr. Till Jaeger was the main resource person to deliver this workshop. Thanks to the National Computer Board for making this event a success. Cyberstorm.mu members were also invited to the event.

We have also welcomed Rahul Golam for joining cyberstorm.mu team and looking forward to work together. I seized this opportunity to announce that cyberstorm.mu  is proud to announce it’s official logo. Thanks to the hard work of the team.


Photo Credits: cyberstorm.mu
Photo Credits: cyberstorm.mu

Photo Credits: cyberstorm.mu
Photo Credits: cyberstorm.mu